EU limits for CO2 emissions of passenger cars: roads to the 95 g/km target

Under the DG ENV framework contract on vehicle emissions, the consortium of TNO, AEA, Ökopol, IHS Global Insight, Ricardo, TML and CE Delft has published its first report. The aim of this project is to support and advise the Commission on options for lowering of the CO2 limit values of passenger cars and how they can be realised. 

The following main tasks were performed: 
  • State-of-the-art vehicle emission reduction options for 2020
  • Evaluation of other utility parameters in addition to vehicle mass
  • Modalities for achieving 95 g/km
  • Further aspects, including borrowing and banking of credits, life cycle aspects and rebound aspects.


Eelco den Boer
Huib van Essen
Bettina Kampman

Delft, februari 2012

the report


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